Allopurinol is used to treat gout and certain kinds of kidney stones. It can be utilized to prevent increased uric acid levels in patients receiving cancer chemotherapy. These patients can have increased uric acid levels due to release of uric acid from the dying cancer cells. Allopurinol works by reducing the amount of uric acid made by the human anatomy. Increased uric acid levels causes gout and renal problems.
Take this medication by lips, usually once daily or as directed by your physician. Take this medicine after a meal to reduce belly upset. If your dose is more than 300 milligrams a day, you will need to take several smaller doses during the day to get this amount (ask your doctor for directions).
It is better to drink a full glass of water with each dose and at least 8 more glasses (8 ounces each) of fluid a day. If your doctor has directed you to drink less fluid for other reasons that are medical consult your doctor for further instructions. Your doctor may instruct you on also just how to decrease acid in your urine (e.g., avoiding big amounts of ascorbic acid/vitamin C).
Dosage is based on your condition that is medical and to treatment. Use this medication regularly to get the benefit that is most from it. That will help you remember, take it at the time( that is same) each time.
For the treatment of gout, it might take up to weeks that are several this medicine to have an effect. You may have more gout attacks for several months after starting this medicine while the body removes extra acid that is uric. Allopurinol isn't a pain reliever. To relieve pain from gout, continue to take your medicines that are prescribed gout assaults (age.g., colchicine, ibuprofen, indomethacin) as directed by your doctor.
Tell your doctor should your condition persists or worsens.
Stomach upset, sickness, diarrhea, or drowsiness may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.
Remember that your medical professional has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have side that is serious.
Tell your doctor right away if any of these rare but really serious adverse effects occur: numbness/tingling of arms/legs, easy bleeding/bruising, indications of infection (e.g., fever, persistent sore throat), unusual tiredness, painful/bloody urination, modification in the level of urine, yellowing eyes/skin, severe stomach/abdominal discomfort, persistent nausea/vomiting, dark urine, unusual fat loss, eye pain, vision changes.
A very serious (possibly fatal) allergic response to this drug is uncommon. Nevertheless, seek instant medical attention if you notice any observeable symptoms of a critical allergic attack, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, difficulty breathing.
This isn't a list that is complete of adverse effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your pharmacist or doctor.
In the US -
Call your medical practitioner for medical advice about side impacts. You may report adverse effects to Food And Drug Administration at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report adverse effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
Before taking allopurinol, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have had a severe reaction to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain ingredients that are inactive which could cause allergic reactions or other problems. Confer with your pharmacist for more information.
Before using this medication, tell your physician or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: liver disease, kidney disease, diabetes, hypertension (high blood pressure), uncommon diets (e.g., fasting).
This medication might make you drowsy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness you can perform such activities safely until you are sure.
Alcohol might decrease the effectiveness of this drug. Limit beverages that are alcoholic.
Kidney function declines as you grow older. This medication is removed by the kidneys. Therefore, older adults may be at greater risk for negative effects while using this medication.
During pregnancy, this medication should be utilized only when obviously needed. Talk about the risks and benefits with your medical professional.
Allopurinol passes into breast milk. Consult your physician before breast-feeding.
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