Citalopram is used to take care of despair. It might improve your energy level and feelings of well-being. Citalopram is known as a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI). This medication works by helping to replace the total amount of a certain substance that is naturalserotonin) within the brain.
OTHER USES: This section contains uses of this drug that aren't listed in the approved professional labeling for the medication but which may be prescribed by your medical care professional. Use this drug for a condition that is listed in this area as long as it's been therefore prescribed by your quality of life care professional.
This medication can also be used to deal with other conditions that are mentalsuch as obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder). It may also be used to treat flashes that are hot occur with menopause.
Read the medicine Guide and, if available, the Patient Information Leaflet provided by the pharmacist you get a refill before you start taking citalopram and each time. If you have any relevant questions, ask your medical practitioner or pharmacist.
Take this medication with or without food as directed by the doctor, usually once daily in the or evening morning. The dosage is based on your medical condition, response to treatment, age, laboratory tests, and other medications maybe you are taking. Be sure to inform your doctor and pharmacist about all the items you employ (including prescribed drugs, nonprescription medications, and herbal products). The most dosage for citalopram is 40 milligrams each day.
If you use the liquid type of this medicine, very carefully measure the dose utilizing a special measuring device/spoon. Do not use a household spoon because you may not get the correct dose.
To reduce your risk of side effects, your physician may direct you to start taking this medication at a dose that is low gradually increase your dose. Follow your doctor's instructions carefully. Do not increase your dose or use this drug more often or for longer than prescribed. Your condition shall maybe not enhance any faster, and your risk of part effects will increase. Simply take this medication frequently to obtain the benefit that is most from it. Each day to help you remember, take it at the same time.
Its important to continue taking this medication even if you feel well. Do not stop taking this medication without consulting your doctor. Some conditions may become worse whenever this drug is suddenly stopped. Also, you may experience symptoms such as mood swings, headache, tiredness, sleep changes, and brief feelings much like electric shock. To prevent these symptoms while you are stopping treatment with this drug, your doctor may reduce your dose gradually. Consult your doctor or pharmacist to get more details. Report any new or worsening symptoms right away.
It might take 1 to 4 days to feel an advantage out of this drug and up to weeks before you obtain the full benefit.
Tell your medical professional should your condition will not improve or if it worsens.
See also Warning and Precautions sections.
Nausea, dry lips, loss in appetite, tiredness, drowsiness, perspiring, blurred vision, and yawning may possibly occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your pharmacist or doctor promptly.
Remember that your physician has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of adverse effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.
Tell your doctor immediately when you yourself have any serious side effects, including: shaking (tremor), decreased interest in sex, changes in intimate capability, easy bruising/bleeding.
Get medical help right away for those who have any very serious adverse effects, including: fainting, fast/irregular heartbeat, black stools, vomit that appears like coffee grounds, seizures, attention pain/swelling/redness, eyesight changes (such as for example seeing rainbows around lights during the night).
This medicine may increase serotonin and seldom cause a tremendously serious condition called serotonin syndrome/toxicity. The risk increases if you are also taking other drugs that increase serotonin, so tell your doctor or pharmacist of all the drugs you take (see Drug Interactions section). Get medical help appropriate away in the event that you develop some of the following symptoms: fast heartbeat, hallucinations, lack of coordination, severe dizziness, severe nausea/vomiting/diarrhea, twitching muscle tissue, unexplained fever, uncommon agitation/restlessness.
Rarely, males could have a prolonged or painful erection lasting 4 or more hours. If this occurs, stop using this drug and get help that is medical away, or permanent dilemmas could occur.
an extremely serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get help that is medical away if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, difficulty breathing.
This is certainly perhaps not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
In the US -
Phone your doctor for medical advice about unwanted effects. You could report adverse effects to Food And Drug Administration at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about negative effects. You'll report adverse effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
Before taking citalopram, tell your medical practitioner or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to escitalopram; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain ingredients that are inactive which can cause allergic reactions or other issues. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: personal or family history of bipolar/manic-depressive disorder, personal or family history of suicide attempts, liver disease, seizures, low sodium in the blood, intestinal ulcers/bleeding (peptic ulcer disease) or bleeding problems, personal or family members history of glaucoma (angle-closure type).
Citalopram may cause a state of being which affects the heart rhythm (QT prolongation). QT prolongation can rarely cause serious (hardly ever fatal) fast/irregular heartbeat and other symptoms (such as for instance severe dizziness, fainting) that need medical attention right away.
The chance of QT prolongation may be increased if you have actually certain conditions that are medical are taking other drugs which could cause QT prolongation. Before using citalopram, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all of the drugs you just take if you've got any of the following conditions: certain heart problems (heart failure, slow heartbeat, present heart attack, QT prolongation in the EKG), family history of certain heart problems (QT prolongation into the EKG, sudden cardiac death).
Low levels of potassium or magnesium into the blood may increase your risk also of QT prolongation. This risk may increase if you have conditions such as severe sweating, diarrhea, or vomiting if you use certain drugs (such as diuretics/"water pills") or. Talk to your medical professional about making use of citalopram safely.
This drug will make you drowsy or cause blurred vision. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness or clear vision you can perform such activities safely until you are sure. Avoid alcoholic beverages.
Before having surgery, tell your physician or dentist about all of the products you utilize (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).
Older grownups may be much more sensitive to your relative side effects of this drug, especially bleeding, loss of coordination, and QT prolongation (see above). They may also be more likely to develop a type of salt imbalance (hyponatremia), especially if they are also"water that is taking" (diuretics). Loss of coordination increases the risk of falling.
Young ones may be more delicate to your relative adverse effects of this drug, especially loss of appetite and weight loss. Monitor height and weight in children who're taking this drug.
During pregnancy, this medication should be utilized only when clearly needed. It might harm an baby that is unborn. Also, babies born to mothers who have used this drug during the last 3 months of pregnancy may develop withdrawal symptoms rarely such as for example feeding/breathing difficulties, seizures, muscle tissue stiffness, or constant crying. If you observe any of these symptoms in your newborn, promptly tell the doctor.
Since untreated mental/mood issues (such as depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder) may be a critical condition, do not stop using this medication unless directed by your medical practitioner. If you are planning pregnancy, become pregnant, or think you may be pregnant, immediately discuss with your doctor the benefits and risks of using this medication during pregnancy.
This drug passes into breast milk and may have undesirable effects on a nursing infant. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
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