Acetazolamide is utilized to avoid reducing the the signs of altitude sickness. This medication can decrease headache, tiredness, nausea, dizziness, and breathlessness that will occur if you climb quickly to high altitudes (generally above 10,000 feet/3,048 meters). It is particularly attractive situations once you cannot create a slow ascent. The best ways to avoid altitude sickness are climbing slowly, stopping every day and night through the climb allowing the body to adjust to the new height, and taking it simple the initial 1 or 2 days.
This drug can be in combination with other medications to treat a particular kind of eye problem (open-angle glaucoma). Acetazolamide is often a "water pill" (diuretic). It decreases the amount of fluid that may develop in the eye. It can be employed to decrease a growth of body fluids (edema) brought on by congestive heart failure or certain medications. Acetazolamide can work less above time, so it will be usually used just for a short period.
It been specifically combined with other medications to deal with certain kinds of seizures (petit mal and unlocalized seizures).
If you are taking the tablets, take medicines by mouth, usually 1 to 4x daily or as directed because of your doctor. If you're taking the long-acting capsules, take prescription drugs by mouth, usually a few times daily or as directed from your doctor. Swallow the long-acting capsules whole. Do not open, break, or chew the capsules. Doing so can destroy the long action from the drug and might increase negative effects.
Acetazolamide could be taken with or without food. Drink lots of fluids unless otherwise directed through your doctor. Your dosage is dependant on your medical problem and reaction to therapy.
To prevent altitude sickness, start taking acetazolamide one to two days prior to starting to climb. Continue taking it while you are climbing as well as for no less than two days once you have reached your final altitude. You may need to continue taking medicines while staying in the high altitude to control your symptoms. If you develop severe altitude sickness, it is crucial that you climb down as quickly as possible. Acetazolamide is not going to help you avoid the serious results of severe altitude sickness. (See also Precautions.)
If you take this drug for one more condition (e.g., glaucoma, seizures), use prescription drugs regularly as directed to make the most take advantage of it. To allow you to remember, go on it as well(s) on a daily basis. Taking your last dose inside the early evening will help prevent you from having to stand up in the middle of the night to urinate. Consult a medical expert or pharmacist when you have questions about your dosing schedule.
Do not increase or reduce your dose or stop using prescription drugs without first consulting your physician. Some conditions can be worse when this drug is suddenly stopped. Your dose ought to be gradually decreased.
When employed for an extended period, this medication might not act as well and might require different dosing. Your doctor will probably be monitoring your problem. Tell your physician if your trouble doesn't improve or if it worsens (e.g., more frequent seizures).
This drug may reduce the potassium levels inside your blood. Your doctor may suggest that consume foods abundant with potassium (e.g., bananas or orange juice) while you adopt prescription drugs. Your doctor may also advise a potassium supplement that you should take during treatment. Consult a medical expert for more info.
Dizziness, lightheadedness, or increased urination may occur, especially throughout the first few days as your body adjusts for the medication. Blurred vision, dry mouth, drowsiness, loss in appetite, stomach upset, headache and tiredness may also occur. If these symptoms persist or worsen, notify your doctor or pharmacist.
Remember that your doctor has prescribed medicines because he or she gets judged the advantage of you is more than the potential risk of negative effects. Many people using prescription drugs will not have serious side effects.
Tell a medical expert right away if some of these very unlikely but serious unwanted side effects occur: increased body hair, the loss of hearing, ringing within the ears, unusual tiredness, persistent nausea/vomiting, severe stomach/abdominal pain.
Seek immediate medical help if all of these unlikely but much more severe unwanted side effects occur: easy bleeding/bruising, fast/irregular heartbeat, warning signs of infection (e.g., fever, persistent sore throat), mental/mood changes (e.g., confusion, difficulty concentrating), severe muscle cramps/pain, tingling of the hands/feet, blood inside the urine, dark urine, painful urination, yellowing in the eyes/skin.
A very serious hypersensitivity to this drug is not likely, but seek immediate medical attention if it occurs. Symptoms of a serious allergic attack may include: blisters/sores inside the mouth, rash, itching/swelling (especially from the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
This is not a complete listing of possible negative effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
In the US -
Call your doctor for health advice about side effects. You may report unwanted effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Call a medical expert for health advice about negative effects. You may report unwanted effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
Before taking acetazolamide, tell a medical expert or pharmacist in case you are allergic for it; or when you have every other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergies or any other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more information.
This medication mustn't be used when you have certain health conditions. Before employing this medicine, consult your physician or pharmacist if you have: adrenal gland problems (e.g., Addison's disease), low blood amounts of sodium or potassium, severe kidney disease, severe liver disease (e.g., cirrhosis), certain metabolic problems (e.g., hyperchloremic acidosis).
Before using prescription drugs, tell your medical professional or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: breathing problems (e.g., emphysema, chronic bronchitis), high numbers of calcium, dehydration, diabetes mellitus, gout, narrow-angle glaucoma, overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism).
While prescription drugs will help you get accustomed to high altitudes and assist you to tolerate quick climbs, it wouldn't completely prevent serious altitude sickness. Symptoms of serious altitude sickness can sometimes include: severe shortness of breath, mental/mood changes (e.g., confusion, difficulty concentrating), not enough coordination/staggering walk, extreme tiredness, severe headache.
If you develop any of these symptoms, it is crucial which you descend with a lower altitude as soon as possible in order to avoid serious, possibly fatal problems.
This drug could make you dizzy or drowsy or blur up your eyes. Alcohol or marijuana will make you more dizzy or drowsy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do just about anything that needs alertness or clear vision until you can do it safely. Limit booze. Talk to a medical expert in case you are using marijuana.
To minimize dizziness and lightheadedness, wake up slowly when rising from your seated or lying position.
This drug may rarely make your blood glucose rise, which can cause or worsen diabetes. Tell your physician without delay for those who have the signs of high blood glucose like increased thirst/urination.
If you already have diabetes, look at your blood sugar levels regularly as directed and share the final results with your doctor. This medication can also lessen your blood sugar levels. Symptoms of low blood sugar levels include sudden sweating, shaking, fast heartbeat, hunger, blurred vision, dizziness or tingling hands/feet. It is really a good habit to carry glucose tablets or gel to help remedy low blood glucose levels. If you don't have these reliable varieties of glucose, rapidly lift up your blood glucose levels when you eat a fast source of sugar like table sugar, honey, or candy, or by drinking a glass of orange juice or non-diet soda. Tell your medical professional without delay regarding the reaction and the usage of this system. To help prevent low blood glucose, eat meals over a regular schedule, and don't skip meals.
This medication may make you more sensitive towards the sun. Limit your time and efforts inside sun. Avoid tanning booths and sunlamps. Use sunscreen and wear protective clothing when outdoors. Tell your doctor immediately if you get sunburned or have skin blisters/redness.
This medication should not be employed in children less than 12 since it may affect normal growth.
This medication needs to be used in combination with caution in the elderly because they could possibly be more sensitive to its unwanted effects, especially low potassium or sodium levels.
This medication needs to be used while pregnant as long as clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.
This medication passes into breast milk but isn't likely to harm a nursing infant. Consult a medical expert before breast-feeding.
Airmail: 2-3 business weeks
EMS: 3-8 business days
Airmail: 2-3 weeks, EMS: 3-8 business days.