Acetazolamide is used to avoid and reduce the symptoms of altitude sickness. This medication can decrease headache, tiredness, sickness, dizziness, and shortness of breath that may happen when you climb quickly to altitudes that are highgenerally above 10,000 feet/3,048 meters). It is particularly useful in situations when you cannot make a slow ascent. Top ways to prevent altitude vomiting are climbing gradually, stopping for 24 hours during the climb to allow the body to adjust to the new height, and taking it effortless the first one to two days.
This drug is additionally utilized along with other medicines to take care of a specific sort of eye problem (open-angle glaucoma). Acetazolamide is a "water pill" (diuretic). It decreases the quantity of fluid that will build up in the eye. It is also used to decrease a buildup of body fluids (edema) caused by congestive heart failure or medications that are certain. Acetazolamide can work less well over time, so it is usually used only for a short period.
It has in addition been used in combination with other medications to treat specific types of seizures (petit mal and unlocalized seizures).
OTHER USES: This part contains uses of this drug that are not listed in the approved labeling that is professional the drug but which may be prescribed by your quality of life care professional. Use this medication for a condition which is listed in this section only if it's been so prescribed by the health care professional.
Acetazolamide are often used to take care of periodic paralysis.
Acetazolamide may be taken with or without food. Drink plenty of fluids unless otherwise directed by your doctor. Your dosage is based on your condition that is medical and to therapy.
To prevent altitude vomiting, start acetazolamide that is taking to 2 days before you start to climb. Continue taking it while you are climbing and for at least 48 hours after you have reached your final altitude. You may have to continue taking this medication while staying at the high altitude to control your symptoms. If you develop severe altitude sickness, it is important that you climb down as quickly as possible. Acetazolamide will not protect you through the serious effects of serious altitude nausea. (See also Precautions.)
If you should be taking this drug for another condition (e.g., glaucoma, seizures), use this medicine regularly as directed to get the most benefit from it. To help you remember, take it at the same time(s) each day. Using your last dose in the evening that is early help prevent you from having to get up in the middle of the night to urinate. Consult your doctor or pharmacist when you have concerns regarding the dosing schedule.
Do not increase or decrease your dosage or stop using this medicine without very first consulting your doctor. Some conditions could become worse when this drug is abruptly stopped. Your dose may need to be gradually decreased.
Whenever used for a long period, this medicine may not work as well and might require dosing that is different. Your doctor shall be monitoring your condition. Tell your medical professional if your condition doesn't enhance or if it worsens (e.g., more frequent seizures).
This drug may reduce the potassium levels in your blood. Your doctor may recommend while you are taking this medication that you eat foods rich in potassium (e.g., bananas or orange juice. Your medical professional may also prescribe a potassium supplement for you to just take during treatment. Consult your doctor for lots more information.
Dizziness, lightheadedness, and an increased amount of urine may occur, especially during the first few days as your body adjusts to the medication. Blurred vision, dry mouth, drowsiness, loss of appetite, stomach upset, headache and tiredness may also occur. If any of these symptoms persist or worsen, notify your pharmacist or doctor.
Remember that your doctor has recommended this medication she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects because he or. Many people using this medication do not have serious adverse effects.
Tell your doctor right away if some of these most unlikely but serious adverse effects occur: increased human anatomy hair, hearing loss, ringing in the ears, unusual tiredness, persistent nausea/vomiting, severe stomach/abdominal pain.
Look for immediate medical attention if some of these unlikely but very severe adverse effects occur: easy bleeding/bruising, fast/irregular heartbeat, indications of infection (e.g., fever, persistent sore neck), mental/mood changes (e.g., confusion, difficulty concentrating), severe muscle tissue cramps/pain, tingling for the hands/feet, bloodstream within the urine, dark urine, painful urination, yellowing of the eyes/skin.
an extremely serious allergic reaction to this drug is unlikely, but seek immediate medical attention if it occurs. Symptoms of a serious reaction that is allergic consist of: blisters/sores in the mouth, rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
This is maybe not a list that is complete of side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
In the usa -
Call your doctor for medical advice about side-effects. You may report adverse effects to Food And Drug Administration at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Phone your doctor for medical advice about adverse effects. You may report adverse effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
Before using acetazolamide, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which could cause allergies or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
This medication should not be used when you have specific medical conditions. Before using this medicine, consult your physician or pharmacist if you have: adrenal gland problems (e.g., Addison's disease), low blood degrees of sodium or potassium, severe kidney condition, severe liver disease (e.g., cirrhosis), certain metabolic problems (e.g., hyperchloremic acidosis).
Before using this medication, inform your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: breathing issues (e.g., emphysema, chronic bronchitis), high quantities of calcium, dehydration, diabetes mellitus, gout, narrow-angle glaucoma, overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism).
While this medicine can help you get accustomed to high altitudes and help you tolerate quick climbs, it cannot completely prevent serious altitude sickness. Signs and symptoms of severe altitude sickness may add: severe shortness of breath, mental/mood changes (e.g., confusion, difficulty concentrating), lack of coordination/staggering walk, extreme tiredness, severe headache.
If you develop any of these symptoms, it is very important that you descend to a lower altitude as quickly as possible to prevent serious, possibly fatal problems.
This drug may make you dizzy or drowsy or cause vision that is blurred. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness or clear vision you can perform such activities safely until you are sure. Limit alcoholic beverages.
To minimize dizziness and lightheadedness, get up slowly whenever increasing from a seated or position that is lying.
This drug may rarely make your blood sugar levels rise, causing or worsening diabetes. Inform your doctor right away in the event that you develop symptoms of high blood sugar such as increased thirst or tiredness.
If you already have diabetes, be certain to check on your blood sugar levels regularly. This medicine may also cause your blood sugar levels to fall. Symptoms of low blood sugar include fast/pounding heartbeat, shakiness, sweating and hunger. It really is an excellent habit to carry glucose tablets or gel to treat low blood sugar. You don't have these reliable forms of glucose, eat a quick source of sugar such as table sugar, honey, or candy, or drink a glass of orange juice or non-diet soda to quickly raise your blood sugar level if you are in a situation where. Inform your physician right away about the effect.
This medication might make you more sensitive to the sun. Avoid prolonged sun exposure, tanning booths and sunlamps. Use a sunscreen and wear protective clothing when outdoors.
This medication shouldn't be utilized in children less than 12 because it might probably influence growth that is normal.
This medication ought to be used with caution within the elderly because they may become more sensitive to its negative effects, especially low potassium or sodium levels.
This medicine should really be used during pregnancy only if clearly required. Talk about the risks and benefits with your physician.
This medication passes into breast milk but is unlikely to harm a nursing baby. Consult your medical practitioner before breast-feeding.
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