Phenytoin is employed to avoid and get a grip on seizures (also called an anticonvulsant or antiepileptic drug). It really works by reducing the spread of seizure activity in the mind.
OTHER USES: This area contains uses of this medication which can be not detailed in the approved labeling that is professional the drug but that may be prescribed by the health care professional. Make use of this medication for an ailment that is listed in this area only if it has been therefore prescribed by your health care professional.
This drug may be used to also treat certain forms of irregular heartbeats.
Read the drugs Guide provided by your pharmacist you get a refill before you start taking phenytoin and each time. If you have any relevant concerns, ask your physician or pharmacist.
Take this medicine by mouth often once a or in divided doses as directed by your doctor day. You may take it with food if stomach occurs that are upset. Just take this medication with a full glass (8 ounces or 240 milliliters) of water unless your doctor directs you otherwise.
Swallow the capsules whole. Do not use the capsules if discolored.
Use this medication regularly in order to have the most benefit from it. It is important to take all doses on time to keep the amount of medicine in your body at a constant level. Remember to make use of it during the time( that is same) each day. Dosage is based on your medical condition and response to treatment.
Products that have calcium (e.g., antacids, supplements) and tube-feeding that is nutritionalenteral) products may decrease the absorption of phenytoin. Do not take these products at the same time as your phenytoin dosage. Separate liquid nutritional products at least 1 hour before and 1 hour after your phenytoin dose, or as directed by the doctor.
Do not stop using this medication without consulting your doctor. Seizures may become worse whenever medication is suddenly stopped. Your dose may need to be gradually decreased.
Inform your doctor if your problem doesn't enhance or worsens.
Headache, sickness, vomiting, constipation, dizziness, feeling of spinning, drowsiness, trouble resting, or nervousness might occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your pharmacist or doctor promptly.
Phenytoin might cause swelling and bleeding of the gums. Massage your gums and brush and floss your teeth regularly to minimize this problem. See your dentist regularly.
Remember that the doctor has recommended this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of adverse effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.
Tell your doctor immediately if any of these not likely but serious adverse effects occur: unusual attention movements, lack of coordination, slurred speech, confusion, muscle twitching, double or blurred vision, tingling of the hands/feet, facial modifications (e.g., distended lips, butterfly-shaped rash around the nose/cheeks), excessive hair growth, increased thirst or urination, unusual tiredness, bone or joint pain, easily broken bones.
Only a few people who simply take anticonvulsants for any condition (such as seizure, manic depression, pain) may experience depression, suicidal thoughts/attempts, or other mental/mood issues. Tell your doctor appropriate away if you or your family/caregiver notice any unusual/sudden changes in your mood, ideas, or behavior including indications of despair, suicidal thoughts/attempts, thoughts about harming yourself.
For males, in the really unlikely event you have an agonizing or prolonged erection lasting 4 or more time, stop making use of this drug and seek immediate medical attention, or permanent problems could happen.
Get medical help straight away if some of these uncommon but very severe side results occur: uncontrolled muscle movements, muscle weakness/pain, bloated glands (lymph nodes), stomach/abdominal pain, persistent nausea/vomiting, yellowing eyes or epidermis, dark urine, easy bruising/bleeding, indications of infection (e.g., persistent sore throat or fever), chest pain, difficulty breathing, irregular heartbeat.
a severe allergic reaction to this drug is unlikely, but seek immediate medical attention if it occurs. Symptoms of a serious allergic reaction include: rash, high fever, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, difficulty breathing.
This just isn't a list that is complete of side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
In the US -
Call your physician for medical advice about unwanted effects. You may report effects that are side FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Phone your medical professional for medical advice about side effects. You may report effects that are side Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
Before taking phenytoin, tell your physician or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to other anti-seizure medications (e.g., carbamazepine, ethotoin, phenobarbital, ethosuximide, trimethadione); or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain ingredients that are inactive which can cause allergic reactions or other dilemmas. Speak to your pharmacist for more information.
Before making use of this medicine, tell your physician or pharmacist your medical history, specially of: alcohol use, certain blood conditions (porphyria), diabetes, liver infection, lupus, folate or supplement B-12 deficiency (megaloblastic anemia).
This drug might make you dizzy or drowsy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness you can perform such activities safely until you are sure. Limit beverages that are alcoholic. Alcohol might additionally affect your blood levels of this medication.
Inform your doctor you are using phenytoin prior to surgery or any procedure which makes you unable to go by mouth.
If you have diabetes, this drug may increase your blood sugar levels. Check your blood (or urine) glucose level frequently, as directed by your doctor. Promptly report any results that are abnormal directed. Your medicine, exercise plan, or diet might need to be modified.
Supplement D supplements are necessary to prevent weakening regarding the bones (osteomalacia). Discuss this together with your doctor.
During maternity, this medication must be utilized only when clearly needed. It may damage an unborn baby. However, since untreated seizures are a serious condition that can harm both a pregnant girl and her developing fetus, do perhaps not stop using this medication unless directed by the physician. If you are planning pregnancy, become pregnant, or think you may be pregnant, immediately talk to your doctor about the benefits and risks of using this medication during pregnancy. Since birth control pills, patches, implants, and injections may not work if taken with this specific medication (see also Drug Interactions section), talk about reliable forms of birth control with your doctor.
Phenytoin passes into breast milk. Check with your doctor before breast-feeding.
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