Metformin is used in combination with a proper diet and exercise program and possibly along with other medicines to control high blood sugar. It is used in patients with type 2 diabetes. Controlling blood that is high helps in avoiding kidney harm, blindness, nerve problems, lack of limbs, and sexual function problems. Appropriate control of diabetic issues may lessen your risk also of a heart attack or swing. Metformin works by helping restore your body's proper response to the insulin you naturally produce. It also decreases the amount of sugar that the liver makes and your stomach/intestines absorb.
OTHER USES: This part contains uses of this drug that are maybe not listed in the approved professional labeling for the drug but that may be prescribed by the health care professional. Make use of this medication for a condition which is placed in this area only when it is often so prescribed by your quality of life care professional.
Metformin may be used with lifestyle changes such as exercise and diet to prevent diabetes in people who are at high risk for becoming diabetic. It is also used in women with a certain disease of the ovaries (polycystic ovarian syndrome). Metformin may make menstrual cycles more regular and increase fertility.
Read the Patient Information Leaflet if available from your pharmacist before you start taking metformin and each time you get a refill. If you have any relevant questions, consult your doctor or pharmacist.
Take this medication by mouth as directed by your physician, often 1-3 times each day with meals. Drink lots of fluids while taking this medication unless otherwise directed by the physician.
The dosage is based on your medical condition, response to treatment, and other medications you may be taking. Be sure to tell your doctor and pharmacist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products). To reduce your risk of side effects (such as upset stomach), your doctor may direct you to start this medication at a low dose and gradually raise your dose. Follow your medical professional's instructions carefully.
Take this medication frequently in order to get the most benefit from it. Remember to use it at the same times each day.
If you are already taking another anti-diabetic drug (such as for example chlorpropamide), follow your doctor's directions carefully for stopping/continuing the old drug and starting metformin.
Check your blood sugar regularly as directed by your doctor. Keep an eye on the total results, and share them with your doctor. Tell your doctor if your blood sugar measurements are too high or too low. Your dosage/treatment might need to be changed.
Nausea, sickness, stomach upset, diarrhoea, weakness, or a taste that is metallic the mouth may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly. If belly symptoms return later (after taking the dose that is same several days or weeks), tell your doctor right away. Stomach symptoms that occur after the first days of your treatment might be signs of lactic acidosis.
Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of adverse effects. Many people using this medication do not have adverse that is serious.
Metformin does perhaps not usually cause low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). Low blood sugar may occur if this drug is prescribed with other anti-diabetic medications. Talk with your medical professional or pharmacist about if the dose of your other diabetic medication(s) has to be lowered.
Signs and symptoms of low blood sugar consist of sudden sweating, shaking, fast heartbeat, hunger, blurred vision, dizziness, or tingling hands/feet. It is a good habit to carry glucose tablets or gel to treat blood sugar that is low. If you don't have these reliable kinds of glucose, rapidly increase your blood sugar by eating a quick source of sugar such as table sugar, honey, or candy, or drink fruit juice or soda that is non-diet. Tell your doctor about the reaction right away. Low blood sugar is more likely if you drink large amounts of alcohol, do unusually exercise that is heavy or do not consume sufficient calories from meals. To help prevent low blood sugar, eat meals on a regular schedule, and do not skip meals. Check with your pharmacist or doctor to discover what you should do if you skip a meal.
Symptoms of high bloodstream sugar (hyperglycemia) include thirst, increased urination, confusion, drowsiness, flushing, rapid breathing, and fruity breath smell. If these symptoms occur, inform your doctor immediately. Your physician may need certainly to adjust your diabetes medication(s).
Stop using this medication and tell your doctor right away if this extremely serious adverse effects occurs: lactic acidosis (see Warning section).
an extremely serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any of the after symptoms of a serious allergic reaction: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble respiration.
It is not a complete list of possible adverse effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
In the US -
Call your medical practitioner for medical advice about side effects. You may report effects that are side FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Phone your doctor for medical advice about negative effects. You may report effects that are side Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
See also Warning section.
Before taking this medicine, inform your physician or pharmacist if you have any other allergies if you are allergic to metformin; or. This product may contain ingredients that are inactive which could cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
Before using this medicine, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: severe breathing problems (such as obstructive lung disease, severe asthma), blood problems (such as anemia, vitamin B12 deficiency), kidney illness, liver disease.
Before having surgery or any X-ray/scanning procedure using injectable iodinated contrast material, tell your doctor that you are taking this medication. You will need to temporarily stop this medication before the right time of your surgery/procedure. Consult your doctor for further instructions.
Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all of the items you utilize (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and natural products).
You might experience blurred eyesight, dizziness, or drowsiness due to extremely low or blood that is high levels. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness or clear vision you can perform such activities safely until you are sure.
Limit liquor when using this medication since it increases your danger of lactic acidosis and developing blood sugar that is low.
High temperature, "water pills" (diuretics such as hydrochlorothiazide), too much sweating, diarrhea, or vomiting may cause lack of too much body water (dehydration) while increasing your risk of lactic acidosis. Stop using this medicine and inform your physician right away when you have prolonged vomiting or diarrhea. Be sure to take in enough liquids to avoid dehydration unless your doctor directs you otherwise.
It may be harder to control your blood sugar when your body is stressed (such as due to fever, infection, injury, or surgery). Consult your doctor because increased stress may require a noticeable change in your treatment plan, medications, or blood glucose testing.
Older grownups might be at greater risk for side effects such as low blood sugar or acidosis that is lactic.
During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly required. Discuss the risks and benefits along with your medical practitioner. Your doctor may direct you to instead use insulin of this product during your maternity. Follow your doctor's instructions very carefully.
Metformin can cause changes in the menstrual cycle (promote ovulation) and increase the risk of becoming pregnant. Consult your pharmacist or doctor about the utilization of reliable birth control while using this medicine.
Metformin passes into breast milk in small amounts. Check with your medical practitioner before breast-feeding.
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