See also Warning section.
Promethazine is utilized to prevent and treat sickness and vomiting related to certain conditions (such as before/after surgery, motion sickness). It is also used to treat allergy symptoms such as rash, itching, and runny nose. It may possibly be used to help you feel sleepy/relaxed before and after surgery or even to help certain pain that is narcotic (such as meperidine) work better. It may also be used for a short time to treat a runny nose due to the common cold.
Promethazine is an antihistamine and works by blocking a certain natural substance (histamine) that your system makes during an allergic reaction. Its other effects (such as anti-nausea, calming, pain relief) may work by affecting other natural substances (such as for instance acetylcholine) and by acting directly on specific elements of the brain.
Cough-and-cold items haven't been shown to be effective or safe in children younger than 6 years. Therefore, do not use this product to treat symptoms that are cold children more youthful than 6 years unless specifically directed by the doctor. Some items (such as long-acting tablets/capsules) are not suitable for use in children younger than 12 years. Pose a question to your pharmacist or doctor for more details about using your item safely.
These products usually do not cure or shorten the length for the common cold and may cause serious side effects. To decrease the risk for serious side effects, carefully follow all dosage instructions. Don't offer other medication that is cough-and-cold might contain the same or similar ingredients (see also Drug Interactions section). Ask the doctor or pharmacist about other ways to relieve cough and cold symptoms (such as drinking enough fluids, making use of a humidifier or saline nose drops/spray).
Read the Patient Ideas Leaflet if available from your pharmacist you get a refill before you start taking promethazine and each time. If you have any relevant questions, ask your physician or pharmacist.
Take this medication by mouth with or without food as directed by your doctor, often 2 to 4 times day-to-day. The first dose of promethazine should be taken 30 to 60 minutes before beginning travel for motion sickness. For allergies, this medication may be taken once daily at bedtime to avoid being drowsy during the afternoon. When used before surgery, promethazine may be taken the before or just before the procedure and may be continued afterwards as directed night.
If you should be using the liquid form of this medication, carefully measure the dosage making use of a measuring device/spoon that is special. Do not use a household spoon because you may not get the dose that is correct.
The dosage is based on your age, medical condition, and response to treatment. In children, the dosage can also be based on weight. Never increase your dosage and take this medication more often than directed.
Tell your doctor if your problem does not improve or if it worsens.
Drowsiness, dizziness, constipation, blurred eyesight, or mouth that is dry occur. If any of these results persist or worsen, tell your physician.
To relieve mouth that is dry suck (sugarless) hard candy or ice chips, chew (sugarless) gum, drink water, or use a saliva substitute.
Remember that your physician has recommended this medication she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of adverse effects because he or. Many people using this medication do not have side that is serious.
Tell your doctor right away in the event that you have any serious side effects, including: fainting, sluggish heartbeat, mental/mood changes (such as hallucinations, nervousness, irritability, restlessness, confusion), unusual/uncontrolled movements (such as fixed upward stare, neck twisting, tongue movements), shaking (tremor), difficulty urinating, easy bleeding/bruising, signs of infection (such as fever, persistent sore throat), severe stomach/abdominal pain, persistent nausea/vomiting, yellowing eyes/skin.
Get medical help right away if you have any very severe side impacts, including: slow/shallow breathing, seizures.
This medication may rarely cause a really condition that is serious neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS). Get help that is medical away if you have some of the after signs: fever, muscle stiffness/pain/tenderness/weakness, severe tiredness, severe confusion, sweating, fast/irregular heartbeat, dark urine, change in the amount of urine.
An extremely serious reaction that is allergic this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any observeable symptoms of a critical hypersensitive reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
That is not a list that is complete of side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
In the usa -
Phone your doctor for medical advice about side results. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about adverse effects. You may report effects that are side Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
See also Warning section.
Before using promethazine, tell your doctor or pharmacist in the event that you have any other allergies if you are allergic to it; or to any other phenothiazines (such as prochlorperazine); or. This product may contain ingredients that are inactive which can cause allergic responses or other problems. Speak with your pharmacist for more details.
Before applying this medicine, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: breathing problems (such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-COPD, anti snoring), blood/immune system problems (such as bone marrow depression), high force in the eye (glaucoma), cardiovascular illnesses (such as irregular heartbeat), high blood pressure, liver condition, particular brain disorders (such as neuroleptic malignant problem, Reye's syndrome, seizures), stomach/intestine problems (such as for instance blockage, ulcer), overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism), difficulty urinating (as an example, due to enlarged prostate).
This drug may allow you to be dizzy or drowsy or cause vision that is blurred. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness or clear vision you can perform such activities safely until you are sure. Avoid alcoholic beverages.
Before having surgery, tell your physician or dentist about all the products you utilize (including prescription drugs, nonprescription medications, and herbal products).
Promethazine may make you more sensitive to the sunlight. Avoid prolonged sun exposure, tanning booths, and sunlamps. Use a sunscreen and wear protective clothing when outdoors.
This medicine may make you sweat less, making you more likely to get heat stroke. Avoid doing things that may cause you to overheat, such as hard work or exercise in hot weather, or using hot tubs. When the weather is hot, take in a complete lot of fluids and dress lightly. If you overheat, quickly look for a accepted place to cool down and sleep. Get medical help right away if you have a fever that does not go away, mental/mood changes, hassle, or dizziness.
Liquid products may contain sugar and/or alcohol. Caution is preferred if you have diabetes, liver disease, or any other condition that requires you to limit/avoid these substances in your diet. Ask your pharmacist or doctor about by using this product safely.
Children may be more painful and sensitive to the medial side effects of this drug, especially slowed respiration (see Warning area). This drug can often cause excitement in young children instead of drowsiness. Special care should be taken when using this medication in children who have lost a complete lot of fluid (dehydration), people who have a family history of unexpected infant death syndrome (SIDS), and those people who are hard to wake up from sleep.
Older adults may be more sensitive to the relative side aftereffects of this drug, especially drowsiness, confusion, constipation, or trouble urinating. Drowsiness and confusion can increase the risk of falling.
During pregnancy, this medicine should really be used only whenever obviously needed. Discuss the risks and benefits along with your doctor.
It really is unknown if promethazine passes into breast milk. It might probably have undesirable effects on a nursing infant. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
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