See also Warning section.
Promethazine is employed to avoid and treat sickness and vomiting related to certain conditions (such as before/after surgery, motion sickness). It is also used to treat allergy symptoms such as rash, itching, and runny nose. It could be used to help you feel sleepy/relaxed before and after surgery or even to help particular pain that is narcotic (such as meperidine) work better. It may also be used for a short time to treat a runny nose due to the cold that is common.
Promethazine is an antihistamine and works by blocking a certain normal substance (histamine) that the body makes during an allergic reaction. Its other effects (such as anti-nausea, calming, pain relief) may work by affecting other natural substances (such as acetylcholine) and by acting entirely on certain parts of mental performance.
Cough-and-cold products haven't been shown to be safe or effective in children younger than 6 years. Therefore, do not use this product to treat cold symptoms in children younger than 6 years unless specifically directed by the physician. Some products (such as long-acting tablets/capsules) are not advised for use in children more youthful than 12 years. Pose a question to your pharmacist or doctor to get more details about making use of your product properly.
These services and products do perhaps not cure or shorten the length of the common cold and may cause serious adverse effects. To decrease the risk for serious adverse effects, carefully follow all dosage directions. Do not give other cough-and-cold medication that might contain the same or similar ingredients (see also Drug Interactions section). Ask the doctor or pharmacist about other ways to relieve cough and cold symptoms (such as drinking enough fluids, making use of a humidifier or saline nose drops/spray).
Read the Patient Ideas Leaflet if available from your pharmacist before you start taking promethazine and each time you get a refill. If you have any relevant questions, ask your medical professional or pharmacist.
Take this medication by mouth with or without food as directed by the doctor, usually 2 to 4 times daily. The first dose of promethazine should be taken 30 to 60 minutes before beginning travel for motion sickness. For allergies, this medication may be taken once daily at bedtime to avoid being drowsy during the day. When used before surgery, promethazine may be taken the night before or just before the procedure and may be continued afterwards as directed.
If you work with the liquid kind of this medication, carefully determine the dose utilizing a measuring device/spoon that is special. Do not use a household spoon because you may not get the dose that is correct.
The dosage is founded on how old you are, medical condition, and a reaction to treatment. In children, the dosage might also be based on weight. Do not increase your dosage or take this medicine more frequently than directed.
Tell your doctor in the event your condition does not enhance or if it worsens.
Drowsiness, dizziness, constipation, blurred vision, or dry mouth may take place. If any of these impacts persist or worsen, inform your doctor.
To relieve mouth that is dry suck (sugarless) difficult candy or ice chips, chew (sugarless) gum, take in water, or use a saliva replacement.
Remember that your particular doctor has recommended this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have side that is serious.
Tell your physician appropriate away for those who have any serious unwanted effects, including: fainting, slow heartbeat, mental/mood changes (such as hallucinations, nervousness, irritability, restlessness, confusion), unusual/uncontrolled motions (such as fixed upward stare, neck twisting, tongue movements), shaking (tremor), difficulty urinating, effortless bleeding/bruising, signs of illness (such as for example fever, persistent sore throat), severe stomach/abdominal pain, persistent nausea/vomiting, yellowing eyes/skin.
Get help that is medical away when you yourself have any very severe adverse effects, including: slow/shallow breathing, seizures.
This medication may hardly ever cause a very condition that is serious neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS). Get help that is medical away when you yourself have some of the after symptoms: fever, muscle stiffness/pain/tenderness/weakness, severe tiredness, severe confusion, sweating, fast/irregular heartbeat, dark urine, improvement in the level of urine.
A really serious reaction that is allergic this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you see any symptoms of a significant hypersensitive reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), serious dizziness, trouble respiration.
This isn't a complete list of possible adverse effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your pharmacist or doctor.
In the usa -
Call your medical professional for medical advice about side effects. You may report effects that are side FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Phone your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report effects that are side wellness Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
See section that is also warning.
Before taking promethazine, tell your physician or pharmacist in the event that you have any other allergies if you are allergic to it; or to any other phenothiazines (such as prochlorperazine); or. This product may contain ingredients that are inactive which may cause allergies or other problems. Speak with your pharmacist for more details.
Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: breathing problems (such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-COPD, rest apnea), blood/immune system problems (such as bone tissue marrow despair), high force in the eye (glaucoma), heart disease (such as irregular heartbeat), high blood pressure, liver disease, certain brain disorders (such as neuroleptic cancerous syndrome, Reye's problem, seizures), stomach/intestine problems (such as for instance blockage, ulcer), overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism), difficulty urinating (for instance, due to enlarged prostate).
This drug may make you dizzy or drowsy or cause vision that is blurred. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness or clear vision you can perform such activities safely until you are sure. Avoid alcoholic beverages.
Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all the products you employ (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal items).
Promethazine may make you more sensitive towards the sun. Avoid prolonged sun exposure, tanning booths, and sunlamps. Use a sunscreen and wear protective clothing when out-of-doors.
This medication may make you sweat less, making you more likely to get heat stroke. Avoid doing things that may cause you to overheat, such as hard work or exercise in hot weather, or using tubs that are hot. When the weather is hot, take in a complete lot of fluids and dress lightly. If you overheat, quickly look for a accepted place to cool down and rest. Get help that is medical away if you have a fever that will not go away, mental/mood changes, headache, or dizziness.
Fluid products may contain sugar and/or alcohol. Caution is advised if you have diabetes, liver disease, or any other condition that requires you to limit/avoid these substances in your diet. Ask your pharmacist or doctor about applying this product safely.
Young ones may be much more sensitive to the unwanted effects of this medication, particularly slowed breathing (see Warning area). This drug can cause excitement in often young children instead of drowsiness. Special care should be taken when using this medication in children who have lost a complete lot of fluid (dehydration), those who have actually a family history of unexpected infant death problem (SIDS), and those who are hard to wake up from sleep.
Older adults may be more delicate to your relative part aftereffects of this drug, especially drowsiness, confusion, constipation, or difficulty urinating. Drowsiness and confusion can raise the risk of dropping.
During pregnancy, this medication should be utilized just when clearly needed. Talk about the risks and benefits with your physician.
It is unknown if promethazine passes into breast milk. It may have effects that are undesirable a nursing infant. Consult your physician before breast-feeding.
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