Topiramate is used alone or along with other medications to stop and control seizures (epilepsy). This medication can also be used to avoid headaches that are migraine decrease how often you get them. Topiramate will not treat a migraine headache once it happens. If you get a migraine headache, treat it as directed by your doctor (such as by taking pain medication, lying down in a dark room).
Topiramate is known as an anticonvulsant or antiepileptic drug.
Read the Medication Guide and, if available, the Patient Information Leaflet given by your pharmacist you get a refill before you start taking topiramate and each time. If you have any relevant questions, pose a question to your doctor or pharmacist.
Take this medication by lips with or without meals as directed by the doctor, usually twice daily. Swallow the tablets entire since breaking them may leave a bitter taste. To avoid renal stones from forming, drink plenty of liquids while using this medication unless your doctor instructs you otherwise.
Dosage relies on your medical condition and response to treatment. For children, the dosage is also based on weight. Your doctor will increase your dose gradually to lower your threat of adverse effects. For some conditions, you may turn therapy with topiramate once daily at bedtime and slowly increase your dosage to twice a day. It may take several weeks or months to achieve the best dose for you and also to get the full benefit from this medication.
Simply take this medication frequently to have the benefit that is most from it. Each day to help you remember, take it at the same times. Do not stop taking this medication without consulting your doctor. Some conditions may become worse when this drug is suddenly stopped. Your dose may need to be gradually decreased.
Inform your doctor if your condition continues or if it worsens.
Tiredness, drowsiness, dizziness, lack of coordination, tingling of the hands/feet, loss of appetite, bad style in your mouth, diarrhea, and fat reduction may occur. Mental problems such as confusion, slowed thinking, trouble focusing or attention that is paying nervousness, memory problems, or speech/language problems may also occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.
Remember that your particular physician has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of adverse effects. Many people using this medication do not have adverse that is serious.
Tell your physician appropriate away if any of these unlikely but serious adverse effects occur: indications of kidney rocks (such as for example serious back/side/abdominal/groin pain, temperature, chills, painful/frequent urination, bloody/pink urine).
a few of people whom take anticonvulsants for any condition (such as seizures, bipolar disorder, discomfort) may experience despair, suicidal thoughts/attempts, or other mental/mood issues. Tell your doctor straight away if you or your family/caregiver notice any changes that are unusual/sudden your mood, thoughts, or behavior including signs of despair, suicidal thoughts/attempts, thoughts about harming yourself.
Tell your physician immediately if any of these rare but serious unwanted effects occur: rapid breathing, fast/slow/irregular heartbeat, bone pain, broken bones, loss of consciousness, uncommon bleeding/bruising.
Seldom, topiramate might cause a really serious eye problem, generally within 1 month of starting treatment. If untreated, this eye problem can lead to blindness that is permanent. Consequently, get medical help right away if some of these adverse effects occur: sudden eyesight changes (such as decreased vision, blurred eyesight), eye pain/redness.
This medication can rarely cause a significant metabolic problem (high amount of ammonia in the blood), particularly if you are taking valproic acid. Tell your doctor right away if you experience sudden/unexplained tiredness, vomiting, or mental changes (such as decreased alertness).
A very serious reaction that is allergic this drug is rare. However, get help that is medical away if you notice any outward symptoms of a severe allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
It is not a complete list of possible adverse effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
In america -
Phone your doctor for medical advice about adverse effects. You'll report adverse effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Call your medical professional for medical advice about part effects. You may report adverse effects to wellness Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
Before taking topiramate, tell your medical professional or pharmacist in the event that you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain ingredients that are inactive which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Confer with your pharmacist for more details.
Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: a certain eye problem (narrow angle glaucoma), kidney problems (such as kidney stones), liver problems, mental/mood problems (such as depression, thoughts of suicide), lung/breathing problems, a certain metabolic imbalance (metabolic acidosis), long-term diarrhea, a diet high in fat and low in carbohydrates (ketogenic diet), brittle bones (osteoporosis).
This drug may make you dizzy or drowsy or impair your judgment. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness you can perform such activities safely until you are sure. Avoid alcoholic beverages.
This medicine might make you sweat less, making you more likely to get heat stroke. Avoid doing things that may cause you to overheat, such as hard work or exercise in hot weather, or using tubs that are hot. When the climate is hot, take in a complete lot of fluids and dress lightly. If you overheat, quickly look for a accepted place to cool off and sleep. Get medical help right away when you have a fever that does not disappear completely, mental/mood changes, headache, or dizziness.
Before having surgery, tell your medical practitioner or dental practitioner about most of the items you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and organic products).
Kids may become more painful and sensitive to the relative adverse effects of this drug, especially weakened bones, slowed growth rate, and decreased sweating. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for lots more details.
Older adults may be more responsive to the relative adverse effects of this medication, especially dizziness. Dizziness can increase the chance of dropping.
During maternity, this medication should be used just when demonstrably needed. It might probably harm an unborn baby. Discuss the use of reliable forms of birth control with your doctor (see also Drug Interactions section). You may be pregnant, immediately talk to your doctor about the benefits and risks of using this medication during pregnancy if you are planning pregnancy, become pregnant, or think. If you're taking this drug to deal with seizures, note that untreated seizures are a condition that is serious can harm both a pregnant woman and her developing fetus, so do not stop taking this medication unless directed by your physician.
This medication passes into breast milk and may have undesirable effects on a nursing infant. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
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